WHAT ARE NONCOMMUNICABLE DISEASES(NCDS) ?
NCDs are diseases of long duration and generally slow progression.
THE FOUR MAIN TYPES OF NONCOMMUNICABLE DISEASES ARE
- Cardiovascular diseases (like heart attacks and stroke)
- Chronic respiratory diseases (such as chronic obstructed pulmonary disease and asthma) and
Noncommunicable diseases, or NCDs, are by far the leading cause of death in the world, representing 63% of all annual deaths.
Noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) kill more than 36 million people each year. Some 80% of all NCD deaths occur in low- and middle-income countries.
WHAT ARE THE MAJOR RISK FACTORS FOR NCD?
- Poor diet
- tobacco use
- alcohol misuse
- physical inactivity
SO HOW TO PREVENT NON COMMUNICABLE DISEASES?
- Be a non-smoker and avoid passive smoking:If you smoke, get help to quit. Smoking is the major cause of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) and lung cancer. It is also a major risk factor for heart attack and stroke. It's never too late to quit and reduce your risk.
- Be physically active everyday:Find an activity you like and get moving. Your heart is a muscle that needs regular exercise to stay healthy. Exercise will also make it easier to maintain a healthy body weight.
- Eat healthy foods:Following a healthy, balanced diet can help you to maintain a healthy weight, lower your cholesterol and reduce your risk for disease. Choose high fibre, lower fat foods and 5-10 servings of fruit and vegetables every day.
- Achieve a healthy weight:Being overweight increases your risk for diabetes, heart disease and some cancers. The risk of a heart attack is three times higher in women who are overweight than in those who have a healthy weight.
- Control your blood pressure:Keeping your blood pressure in check can help prevent damage to the walls of your arteries like tears and bulges and possibly slow the hardening of your arteries. Have your blood pressure checked regularly by your healthcare provider and follow your management directions.
- Limit your intake of alcohol:Drinking too much alcohol can put you at risk for many kinds of cancer. While there is some evidence that moderate drinking may offer some health benefits, too much alcohol is unhealthy.
- Reduce your stress:Take time to relax. Stress can raise your cholesterol level and blood pressure and lead to heart attack and stroke. Stress is also a trigger for mental health problems like depression. Yoga AND MEDITATION ARE GREAT IDEAS TO DESTRESS
- Regular health check ups:Report any new signs and symptoms to your healthcare provider. It's also important to know your body and have regular check-ups to measure your blood pressure, cholesterol and blood sugar levels. In many cases the earlier a problem is detected, the easier it is to treat.