A HEALTHY FAMILY IS A HAPPY FAMILY

Address:

No: 118 / 6B, Ground Floor, LPS Complex, Haralur Main Road, Opposite Anjaneya Temple, Bangalore

NON COMMUNICABLE DISEASES – A MAJOR HEALTH CONCERN TODAY!

WHAT ARE NONCOMMUNICABLE DISEASES(NCDS) ?

NCDs are diseases of long duration and generally slow progression.

THE FOUR MAIN TYPES OF NONCOMMUNICABLE DISEASES ARE
  • Cardiovascular diseases (like heart attacks and stroke)
  • Cancer
  • Chronic respiratory diseases (such as chronic obstructed pulmonary disease and asthma) and
  • Diabetes.

Noncommunicable diseases, or NCDs, are by far the leading cause of death in the world, representing 63% of all annual deaths.

Noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) kill more than 36 million people each year. Some 80% of all NCD deaths occur in low- and middle-income countries.

WHAT ARE THE MAJOR RISK FACTORS FOR NCD?
  • Poor diet
  • tobacco use
  • alcohol misuse
  • physical inactivity
SO HOW TO PREVENT NON COMMUNICABLE DISEASES?
  • Be a non-smoker and avoid passive smoking:If you smoke, get help to quit. Smoking is the major cause of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) and lung cancer. It is also a major risk factor for heart attack and stroke. It's never too late to quit and reduce your risk.
  • Be physically active everyday:Find an activity you like and get moving. Your heart is a muscle that needs regular exercise to stay healthy. Exercise will also make it easier to maintain a healthy body weight.
  • Eat healthy foods:Following a healthy, balanced diet can help you to maintain a healthy weight, lower your cholesterol and reduce your risk for disease. Choose high fibre, lower fat foods and 5-10 servings of fruit and vegetables every day.
  • Achieve a healthy weight:Being overweight increases your risk for diabetes, heart disease and some cancers. The risk of a heart attack is three times higher in women who are overweight than in those who have a healthy weight.
  • Control your blood pressure:Keeping your blood pressure in check can help prevent damage to the walls of your arteries like tears and bulges and possibly slow the hardening of your arteries. Have your blood pressure checked regularly by your healthcare provider and follow your management directions.
  • Limit your intake of alcohol:Drinking too much alcohol can put you at risk for many kinds of cancer. While there is some evidence that moderate drinking may offer some health benefits, too much alcohol is unhealthy.
  • Reduce your stress:Take time to relax. Stress can raise your cholesterol level and blood pressure and lead to heart attack and stroke. Stress is also a trigger for mental health problems like depression. Yoga AND MEDITATION ARE GREAT IDEAS TO DESTRESS
  • Regular health check ups:Report any new signs and symptoms to your healthcare provider. It's also important to know your body and have regular check-ups to measure your blood pressure, cholesterol and blood sugar levels. In many cases the earlier a problem is detected, the easier it is to treat.

POLYCYSTIC OVARIAN DISEASE/PCOD

POLYCYSTIC OVARIAN DISEASE/PCOD

WHAT IS PCOD?

PCOD has become very common in the present years. On pelvic ultrasonography, we find one in every 5 women.PCOD is a problem caused by imbalance of hormones that affects women during their childbearing years (ages 15 to 44). Many women have PCOD and don’t even know it!

Women with PCOD produce higher-than-normal amounts of male hormones. This hormone imbalance causes them to have irregular menstrual periods and makes it harder for them to get pregnant.PCOD also causes hair growth on the face and body, acne and baldness. And it can contribute to long-term health problems like diabetes and heart disease.

 

 pcos

The exact cause of PCOD is not known. Most experts think that several factors, including genetics, play a role.

WHAT HAPPENS IN PCOD?

Changes in the ovaries:  Ovaries are usually enlarged in size and show multiple peripheral small cysts.

High levels of androgens. Androgens are sometimes called "male hormones," although all women make small amounts of androgens. Androgens control the development of male traits, such as male-pattern baldness. Women with PCOS have more androgens than normal. Estrogens are also called "female hormones." Higher than normal androgen levels in women can prevent the ovaries from releasing an egg (ovulation) during each menstrual cycle, and can cause extra hair growth and acne, two signs of PCOS.

High levels of insulin.  Many women with PCOS have insulin resistance, especially those who are overweight or obese, have unhealthy eating habits, do not get enough physical activity, and have a family history of diabetes. Over time, insulin resistance can lead to type 2 diabetes.

HOW IS PCOD DIAGNOSED?

There is no single test to diagnose PCOS.

Physical exam. The doctor will look at to haveskin for extra hair on your face, chest or back, acne, or skin discoloration,any hair loss or signs of other health conditions (such as an enlarged thyroid gland).

Pelvic ultrasound (sonogram). This test uses soundwaves to examine ovaries  for cysts and check the endometrium (lining of the uterus or womb) Your ovaries may be 1½ to 3 times larger than normal when you have PCOD. Ultrasound can show ovary changes in about 90% of women who have PCOD.

 

Blood tests.

  • Follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) affects your ability to get pregnant. Your level might be lower than normal, or even normal if you have PCOS.
  • Luteinizing hormone (LH)encourages ovulation. It could be higher than normal.
  • Testosterone is a sex hormone that would be higher in women with PCOS.
  • Estrogens are a group of hormones that allow women to get their periods. Your level may be normal or high if you have PCOS.
  • Your level of sex hormone binding globulin (SHBG) may be lower than normal.
  • A sex hormone called androstenedione may be at a higher-than-normal level.
  • Anti-Mullerian hormone (AMH): This test can check how well your ovaries are working and to help estimate how far off menopause may be. The levels would be higher with PCOS.
  • Insulin levels: This test may show high levels of insulin
  • Your doctor may recommend a few more tests to rule out other conditions such as thyroid problems, tumors, and hyperplasia (organ-swelling due to too many cells) that have similar symptoms to PCOD.

TREATMENT

  • Losing weight. If you are overweight or obese, losing weight through healthy eating, including eating the right amount of calories for you, and regular physical activity can help make your menstrual cycle more regular and improve your fertility.
  • Medicine. Oral contraceptives, hormonal medicines, clomiphene, metformin are some of the medicines used to treat PCOD and its consequences..
  • Surgery. Surgery is also an option, usually only if the other options do not work. Ovarian drilling is a surgery in which the doctor makes a few holes in the surface of your ovary using lasers or a fine needle heated with electricity. Surgery usually restores ovulation, but only for six to eight months.

WHY DO WE NEED PREVENTIVE HEALTH CHECK UPS

“Prevention is better than cure” and Health is wealth”….. Let us all start realizing and applying these important words in our life. In today’s world, everyone is so busy keeping up with work pace, household chores and raising kids. It is now time to invest in our health.

It has been observed that people of age-group (30-60 years) are being increasingly affected by lifestyle diseases. It is recommended that men, above 35 years of age, and women, above 40 years of the age, should undergo annual preventive health check-up. In the case of a significant history of a particular disease in a family, it is important to take up screening tests early. These diseases include diabetes mellitus, coronary heart Disease, hyperlipidemia, hypertension, cancer of breasts, prostate, colon, etc. In a number of cases (especially in critically illnesses like cancer), an early diagnosis can help prevent or manage the disease and improve the patient’s lifespan. According to cancer.org, the survival rate for stage 1 cancer is 100% and stage 2 cancer is 93%. This proves that early diagnosis is extremely important.

AIMS OF PREVENTIVE HEALTH CHECK UPS

  • As primary prevention
  • To identify risk factors for common chronic diseases
  • To detect disease that has no apparent symptoms (secondary prevention)
  • As a way for the doctor to counsel people to promote healthy behavior

At SPECTRA, Master Health Check-up includes the following tests:

  • Height
  • Weight
  • BP
  • BMI
  • Complete Blood Count
  • ESR
  • Blood Sugar Fasting & Post Lunch
  • Serum Electrolytes (NA, K, CL)
  • Blood Grouping & RH Typing
  • Urine Study
  • Lipid Profile
  • ECG
  • X-ray Each Film
  • LFT(Total)
  • Blood Urea
  • Blood Urea, Serum Creatinine
  • TSH
  • Ultrasound Whole Abdomen
  • Doctor Consultation

We also have targeted health check-up for women, men, senior citizens, diabetics and patients with cardiac disease

MAKE SURE TO GET YOUR HEALTH CHECKUP DONE TODAY!!!!!

WHY DO WE NEED ULTRASOUND IN PREGNANCY?

Ultrasound is an ultra high frequency sound wave which generates an image to view the fetus in utero. The sound waves are above the range of human hearing. From a transducer or a probe placed deep within the vagina (in early pregnancy) or on the surface of the abdomen (second and third trimesters), sound waves are emitted at millions of cycles per second. A pattern of echo waves creates a picture from a variety of surfaces from fluid and soft tissues to a bony skeleton.

Read more “WHY DO WE NEED ULTRASOUND IN PREGNANCY?”